Role of Urban Management in Cultural Events Economy of Academic Cities to Tourism Industry Development (Case Study: Kish Island)

Document Type: Case Study

Authors

1 Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Geography and Urban Planning, International Campus of University of Tehran, Kish, Iran

3 Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Faculty of Urban Planning, University of Islamic Art, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Tourism is today considered one of the biggest and most diverse industries in the cosmos, and its rapid development has contributed to many social, economic and environmental varieties. For this cause, it has become an important subject of study among scholars. Cultural events, including those occurring in one address, such as university, can be regarded as an important source for attracting tourists and developing the land. Increasing the level of science and cognition can help ameliorate the lives of the masses of the community and develop economic and societal growth.  The aim of this study was to look into the role of cultural events in the political economy of academic cities to develop the tourism in Kish Island. The research method is descriptive-analytic. Using library studies and area studies (interviews and questionnaires), the outcomes have been analyzed using SPSS software and single-sample chi-square test. Outcomes indicate that cultural events and the universities are influential in the economy of Kish. Besides, these issues have a significant impact on the growth of tourism in the area.

Keywords


Allah Verdi, Zahra; Seyyed Abolfazl Mirbagheri and Fatemeh Noorrishkh (2011). International tourism management and sustainable development international conference, Marvdasht, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Iran.

Amiri, Parisa (2014) The role of cultural events in tourism development, second national conference on applied research in geography and tourism, Tehran, applied scientific University

Pourahmad, Ahmad, Gharlakhloo, Mehdi, Dehban Astaneh, Alireza, Pourkherban, Shiva (1395). Analysis of tourism capacities of Hormuz Island with emphasis on academic Use, quarterly Journal of Urban Ecology, 7 (1), 113-95.

Tajzadeh Namin, Abolfazl, Hashemzadeh, Jaleh (2014). The role of local music festivals in tourism development from the perspective of potential tourists, quarterly Journal of Tourism management, 9 (26), 58-31.

Timothy, Dalen J. NiaoPan, Chiang Pei (1392). Cultural heritage and tourism in developing countries, translator: Akbar Pourfarj and Jafar Pazizi, Mekameh Publication

Stable, hooman Alawi, fairy. Zajay, Aida (2015). The role of cultural events in the development of tourism attraction industry, the first international conference on art, crafts and tourism

Rezvani, Mohammad Reza (2008). Development of Rural tourism with sustainable approach, Tehran University Press

Rezvani, Mohammad Reza Tayebi, Sada-e Farah. Hataminejad, Hussein (1392). The role of cultural events in urban tourism economics, with emphasis on LQ model, Journal of Tourism Development Planning, 2 (7), 181-163

Ranjbaran, Bahram. Zahedi, Mahmoud (2014). Planning tourism at national and regional level, translator of Islamic Jihad, Isfahan, and Isfahan University Press.

Kish Free Zone organization (2013). Kish Island statistical yearbook, Kish Island, office of research of Kish Free Zone Organization.
Nebula, Jalil and Abdollah Moradi (2011). Analysis of cultural and social impact of tourism, the first international conference on Tourism management and sustainable Development, Marvdasht, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch.

soleimani, majid (2012). Review of the parks and centers of science and technology development in iran by looking at the global approach, quarterly journal of flocks and growth centers, 8 (32)

Samadian, Abolfazl, Hosseini, Hassan, Neginina Rauf, Ava (2009). The role of education on the development of infrastructures in iran's tourism industry, journal of new attitudes in human geography, 1 (4), 105-118

Zargham Brochni, Hamid (2010). Sustainable development planning (sustainable and sustainable approach), tehran: mahkame publications.

Kazemi, Mehdi (2008). Analysis of perceptions of citizens of zahedani in chabahar tourism development, no. 13.

Kazemi, Mehdi (2011). Tourism Management, Tehran, Sadegh.

Report of the Organization of Handicrafts and Crafts, 2012

Golmohammadi, Sirous and Negin Keshavznia, 2017, The role of cultural events in urban tourism development (Case study: German exhibitions), National Conference on Modern Research in Management, Economics and Humanities, Kazeroun, Islamic Azad University, Kazeroon Branch.

Mohammad Nejad, Naser, Tehrani, Mahnaz (2008). investigating internal and external factors of macro waste management in cities based on swot face and formation of qspm matrix, fourth conference

Movahed, Ali (2007). Urban tourism, ahvaz: publications: Shahid Chamran university, first edition.

Mousavi, Mirnejf. Abdullah Zadeh, Mehdi (2013). strategic tourism planning (concepts, principles and models), Tehran.

 

Nick Mahnaz. Ahmadi, Shokoufeh (2010). Sustainable development requirements and different environmental environments, proceedings of the sessions on sustainable tourism development and its challenges in iran, allameh tabatabaei university

 

Yazdani, Hamid and Mostafa Kadkhodaee Dolatabadi (2013). Strategic planning for rural tourism development using swot model case study: Darkesh village, third national tourism conference, geography and sustainable environment, Hamedan, permanent secretariat of the conference

Arasteh, Hamid reza. Amiri,Elham.(2012),Role of universities in education of sustainable development, Nesha-Elm Magazine,2nd Year .Vol.2:32-33.

Brown, M. D., Var, T., & Lee, S. (2002). Messina Hof Wine and Jazz Festival: an economic impact analysis. Tourism Economics, 8(3), 273-279.

Borowiecki, K. J., & Castiglione, C. (2014). Cultural participation and tourism flows: An empirical investigation of Italian provinces. Tourism Economics, 20(2), 241-262.

Castells,Manue.(2009) The role of Universities in Development , the Economy and Society, Lecture on Higher Education,University of the western,www.chet.org.za

Ebrahimi, Zahra.(2011),Investigation of Islamic Azad University role in Cultural development of Iranian Society, regional symposium on Islamic Azad University services, Dehdasht branch :440-445, www.civilca.com/paperdoroutabeen01

Gibson, C., Waitt, G., Walmsley, J., & Connell, J. (2010). Cultural festivals and economic development in nonmetropolitan Australia. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 29(3), 280-293.

Lebrun,Denis.Rebelo, Sarita.(2006), The role of Universities in the Economic Development of Atlantic Canada, 6th Atlantic Conference on the Future of Public Administration in Canada.

Lindenstein Walshok,Mary1.(1997),Expanding Roles for Research universities in Regional Economic Development,New Direction for Higher Education, No,97.

Meng, Z., Wei, Y., & Yu, Y. (2011). On life cycle of cultural heritage engineering tourism: A case study of Macau. Systems Engineering Procedia, 1, 351-357.

Naeemabadi,Nazanin and associates,(2013),Investigation of educational services infiuence in sustainable city development.Neishabour city national conference of sustainable architecture and city development .www.civilica.com/paper-saud01-saudo10_514 html

Neirotti, L. D., Bosetti, H. A., & Teed, K. C. (2001). Motivation to attend the 1996 summer Olympic ‎Games. Journal of travel research, 39(3), 327-331‎

Newman, P., & Smith, I. (2000). Cultural production, place and politics on the South Bank of the Thames. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24(1), 9-24.

Nikraftar,Tayebe(2007),The role of academic growth in job creation,3rd symposium on occupation and higher education sytem of countury, Tehran :1-2.www.civilca.com/paper-eshteghal03.

Ostad Hossein Reza Kouhnabi Sirous (2003) Role of University in regional sustainable development  Vo1 27 & 28 :52-53.

Pardis Kish.Pourmohammadi,Mohammad Reza (2008),planning of Land Use in rural areas,Samt PublicationPrest/Cric,university of Manchester3.(2006).The Role of Universities in innovation and Economic Development,Theory Measurement and Practice.www.surf salford.ac.uk.

Silberberg, T. (1995). Cultural tourism and business opportunities for museums and heritage sites. Tourism management, 16(5), 361-365.

United Nations World Tourism Organization) 2007( http://www. unwto.org/ aboutwto/ eng/menu.html

United Nation World Tourism Organisation report,(2007)

Valeriu, I. F., & Iştoc, E. M. (2007). Cultural tourism and sustainable development. Romanian Journal of Economic Forecasting, 1, 89-96.

Zaharatos, G., & Tsartas, P. Sustainable Tourism Development in the Greek Islands and the Role of Tourism research and Education. In Conférence mondiale du Tourisme Durable Lanzarote, iles Canaries, Espagne, les (Vol. 27).

Zima, K. (2011). Event Tourism Economical and tourstic impacts on regional economy: A study of Polish regions preparations for UEFA EURO 2012.